Publications

In Review or In Press

Farmer, C. J., and J. P. Smith.  In press.  Seasonal differences in migration counts of raptors: utility of spring counts for population monitoring.  Journal of Raptor Research.

Neal, M. C., J. P. Smith, and S. J. Slater.  In press.  Artificial nest structures as mitigation for natural-gas development impacts to Ferruginous Hawks (Buteo regalis) in south–central Wyoming. Technical Note.  Bureau of Land Management, Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne. 17 pp.

Smith, J. P.  Raptor migration in New Mexico.  In press.  In J. E. Cartron (Editor), Raptors of New Mexico.  University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

2017

Paprocki, N., Oleyar, D., Brandes, D., Goodrich, L., Crewe, T., Hoffman, S. 2017. Combining migration and wintering counts to enhance understanding of population change in a generalist raptor species, the North American Red-tailed Hawk. The Condor, American Ornithology. Volume 119, pp. 98-107. View File

2016

Miller, R., Paprocki, N., Stuber, M., Moulton, C., and Carlisle, J. 2016. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) surveys in the North American Intermountain West: utilizing citizen scientists to conduct monitoring across a broad geographic scale. Avian Conservation & Ecology. View File

2013

Utah Legacy Raptor Project. 2013. Utah West Desert Golden Eagle Management Recommendations. Department of Defense, Legacy Resources Management Program (Project #10–102). View File

Utah Legacy Raptor Project. 2013. Utah West Desert Raptors Nest Survey and Monitoring Protocol Manual. Department of Defense, Legacy Resources Management Program (Project #10–102). View File

Slater, S. J., K. W. Frye Christensen, R. N. Knight, K. Keller, and R. MacDuff. 2013. Great Basin Bird Species-at-risk and Invasive Species Management Partnership Final Report – Phase 3. Department of Defense, Legacy Resources Management Program (Project #10–102). View File

Slater, S. J., K. W. Frye Christensen, R. N. Knight, R. MacDuff, and K. Keller. 2012. Great Basin Avian Species-at-risk and Invasive Species Management through Multi-Agency Monitoring and Coordination Final Report. Department of Defense, Legacy Resources Management Program (Project #10–102). View File

DeLong, John P., Cox, Nancy S., Cox, Steve W., Hurst, Zachary M., and Smith, J.P.  2013.  DNA sequencing reveals patterns of prey selection in migrating Sharp-shinned Hawks.  The Condor by The Cooper Ornithological Society, Vol. 115, Number 1: 40-46.  View File

2012

Smith, J.P., and DeLong, John P.  2012.  Morphometric variation in Flammulated Owls captured during autumn migration in the western United States.  Journal of Raptor Research 46: 108-119.

2010

Slater, S. J., and J.P. Smith.  2010.  Effectiveness of raptor perch deterrents on an electrical transmission line in southwestern Wyoming.  Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1080-1088.

2009

Farmer, C. J., and J. P. Smith.  2009.  Migration monitoring indicates widespread declines of American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) in North America.  Journal of Raptor Research 43:263-273. View File

Ruelas Inzunza, E., L. J. Goodrich, S. W. Hoffman, E. Martínez L., J. P. Smith, E. Peresbarbosa R., R. Rodríguez M., K. L. Scheuermann, S. L. Mesa O., Y. Cabrera C., N. Ferriz, R. Straub, M. M. Peñaloza P., and J. G. Barrios.   2009.   Long-term conservation of migratory birds in México: the Veracruz River of Raptors project.  Pages 577–589 in T.D. Rich, C. Arizmendi, D. Demarest, and C. Thompson (Editors), Tundra to tropics: connecting birds, habitats and people.  Proceedings of the 4th International Partners in Flight Conference, 13-16 February 2008, McAllen, Texas. University of Texas-Pan American Press, Edinburg, Texas. View File

Smith, A. D., C. A. Lott, J. P. Smith, K. C. Donohue, S. Wittenberg, K. G. Smith, and L. Goodrich. 2009. Deuterium measurements of raptor feathers: does a lack of reproducibility compromise geographic assignment? Auk 126:41-46. View File

Smith, A. D., C. A. Lott, J. P. Smith, K. C. Donohue, S. Wittenberg, K. G. Smith, and L. Goodrich. 2009. Poor reproducibility and inference in hydrogen-stable isotope studies of avian movement: a reply to Wunder et al. 2009. Auk 126:926-931. View File

2008

Bildstein, K. L., J. P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R. R. Veit (Editors). 2008. State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC. View intro materials and table of contents.

Chapters within:

L. J. Goodrich and J. P. Smith. Raptor migration in North America. View File

J. P. Smith, C. J. Farmer, S. W. Hoffman, K. Z. Woodruff, G. S. Kaltenecker, and P. Sherrington. Trends in autumn counts of migratory raptors in western North America. View File

J. P. Smith, C. J. Farmer, S. W. Hoffman, C. A. Lott, L. J. Goodrich, J. Simon, C. Riley, and E. Ruelas Inzunza. Trends in autumn counts of migratory raptors around the Gulf of Mexico. View File

C. Farmer, L. Goodrich, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and J. P. Smith. Conservation status of North America’s birds of prey. View File

K. L. Bildstein, J. P. Smith, and E. Ruelas Inzunza. The future of raptor migration monitoring. View File

Hull, J. M., A. C. Hull, B. N. Sacks, J. P. Smith, H. B. Ernest. 2008. Landscape characteristics influence morphological and genetic differentiation in a widespread raptor (Buteo jamaicensis). Molecular Ecology 17:810–824. View File

2007

Bildstein, K. L., J. P. Smith, and R. Yosef. 2007. Migration counts and monitoring. Pages 101–116 in D. M. Bird and K. L. Bildstein and (Editors), Raptor research and management techniques. Raptor Research Foundation, and Hancock House Publishers, Surrey British Columbia, Canada, and Blaine, Washington, USA. View File

Hull, J. M., W. Savage, J. P. Smith, N. Murphy, L. Cullen, A. C. Hutchins, and H. B. Ernest. 2007. Hybridization among buteos: Swainson’s Hawks (Buteo swainsoni)_Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:579–584. View File

Smith, J. P. 2007. Fall 2005 raptor migration in the Goshute Mountains, Nevada. Great Basin Birds 9:62–68.

Smith, J. P., and A. Hutchins. 2007. Great Basin raptor nest survey: season review 2005. Great Basin Birds 9:52–61.

2006

DeLong, J. P. 2006. Pre-migratory fattening and mass gain in Flammulated Owls in central New Mexico. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118:187-193.

Lott, C. A. 2006. A new raptor migration monitoring site in the Florida Keys: counts from 1999-2004. Journal of Raptor Research 40:200-209. View File

Lott, C. A., and J. P. Smith. 2006. A geographic-information-system approach to estimating the origin of migratory raptors in North America using hydrogen stable isotope ratios in feathers. The Auk 123:822-835. View File

                To access GIS map files and other data associated with this publication, OPEN THIS LINK.

2005

DeLong, J. P., T. Meehan, and R. Smith. 2005. Investigating fall movements of Flammulated Owls (Otus flammeolus) in central New Mexico using stable hydrogen isotopes. Journal of Raptor Research 39:19-25.

Hoffman, S. W., and J. P. Smith. 2005. Do Golden Eagles warrant special concern based on migration counts in the western United States? Reply to McCaffery and McIntyre. Condor 107:473-475.

Smith, J. 2005. Spatial and temporal dynamics of raptor migrations in North America. Pages 64-67 in S. Schwartz (Editor), Proceedings of the Onshore Wildlife Interactions with Wind Developments: Research Meeting V, November 3-4, 2004. National Wind Coordinating Committee, Lansdowne, Virgina.  View File (also see presentation at NWCC web site 

2004

DeLong, J. P. 2004. Age determination and preformative molt in hatch-year Flammulated Owls during the fall. North American Bird Bander 29(3):111-115.

DeLong, J. P., and S. W. Hoffman. 2004. Fat stores of migrating Sharp-shinned and Cooper's Hawks in New Mexico. Journal of Raptor Research 38:163-168. View File

McBride, T. J., J. P. Smith, H. P. Gross, and M. Hooper. 2004. Blood-lead and ALAD activity levels of Cooper's Hawks (Accipiter cooperii) migrating through the southern Rocky Mountains. Journal of Raptor Research 38:118-124. View File

Smith, R. B., E. C. Greiner, and B. O. Wolf. 2004. Migratory movements of Sharp-shinned Hawks (Accipiter striatus) captured in New Mexico in relation to prevalence, intensity, and biogeography of avian hematozoa. Auk 121(3):837-846. View File 

2003

Hoffman. S. W., and J. P. Smith. 2003. Population trends of migratory raptors in western North America, 1977-2001. Condor 105:397-419. View File

                      To access detailed statistical-model results referenced in this manuscript click here

Lott, C. A., T. D. Meehan, and J. A. Heath. 2003. Estimating the latitudinal origins of migratory raptors using hydrogen and sulfur stable isotopes in feathers: influence of marine prey base. Oecologia 134: 505-510. View File

Meehan, T. D., R. N. Rosenfield, V. N. Atudorei, J. Bielefeldt, L. J. Rosenfield, A. C. Stewart, W. E. Stout, and M. A. Bozek. 2003. Variation in hydrogen stable-isotope ratios between adult and nestling Cooper's Hawks. Condor 105:567-571. View File

Smith, R. B., T. D. Meehan, and B. O. Wolf. 2003. Assessing migration patterns of Sharp-shinned Hawks Accipiter striatus using stable-isotope and band encounter analysis. Journal of Avian Biology 34:387-392. View File

2002

Hoffman, S. W., J. P. Smith, and T. D. Meehan. 2002. Breeding grounds, winter ranges, and migratory routes of raptors in the Mountain West. Journal of Raptor Research 36:97-110. View File

Sanborn, W. 2002. Lead poisoning of North American wildlife from lead shot and lead fishing tackle. HawkWatch International, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah. 35 pp. View File

Smith, J. P. 2002. Fall 2001 migration and satellite-tracking of raptors from the Goshute Mountains, Nevada. Great Basin Birds 5:47-50. View File 

2001

DeLong, J. P., and J. A. Gessaman. 2001. A comparison of non-invasive techniques for estimating total body fat in Sharp-shinned and Cooper's Hawks. Journal of Field Ornithology 72: 349-364. View File

Meehan, T. D., C. A. Lott, Z. D. Sharp, R. B. Smith, R. N. Rosenfield, A. C. Stewart, and R. K. Murphy. 2001. Using hydrogen isotope geochemistry to estimate the natal latitudes of immature Cooper's Hawks migrating through the Florida Keys. Condor 103:11-20. View File

Smith, J. P. 2001. Fall 2000 raptor migration in the Goshute Mountains, Nevada. Great Basin Birds 4:40-43. View File

Smith, J. P., P. Grindrod, and S. W. Hoffman. 2001. Migration counts indicate Broad-winged Hawks are increasing in the West: evidence of breeding range expansion? Pages 93-106 in K. L. Bildstein and D. Klem, editors. Hawkwatching in the Americas. Hawk Migration Association of North America, North Wales, Pennsylvania, USA. View File

Smith J., and H. Gross. 2001. HawkWatch International: recap of fall 2000 migration Season [Western Regional News: Western Station Reports]. North American Bird Bander 26(1):35-36.

Smith, J. P., J. Simon, S. W. Hoffman, and C. Riley. 2001. New full-season autumn hawkwatches in coastal Texas. Pages 67-91 in K. L. Bildstein and D. Klem, editors. Hawkwatching in the Americas. Hawk Migration Association of North America, North Wales, Pennsylvania, USA. View File

Smith, J. P., M. Vekasy, and H. P. Gross. 2001. HawkWatch International expands western migratory raptor satellite telemetry project [Western Regional News: Western Station Reports]. North American Bird Bander 26(4):199-200.

1990 - 2000

DeLong, J. P. 2000. HawkWatch International raptor conservation program: issues and priorities. HawkWatch International, Salt Lake City, Utah. 81 pp. View File

Smith, J. P., and S. W. Hoffman. 2000. The value of extensive raptor migration monitoring in western North America. Pages 597-615 in R. D. Chancellor and B.-U. Meyburg, editors. Raptors at risk. World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls, Berlin, Germany, and Hancock House Publishers, British Columbia and Washington. View File

Olson, C. V. and D. P. Arsenault. 2000. Differential winter distribution of Rough-legged Hawks (Buteo lagopus) by sex in western North America. Journal of Raptor Research 34:157-166.

Ruelas Inzunza, E., S. W. Hoffman, L. J. Goodrich, and R. Tingay. 2000. Conservation strategies for the world's largest known raptor migration flyway: Veracruz the River of Raptors. Pages 591-596 in R. D. Chancellor and B.-U. Meyburg, editors. Raptors at risk. World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls, Berlin, Germany, and Hancock House Publishers, British Columbia and Washington.

DeLong, J. P., and S. W. Hoffman. 1999. Differential autumn migration of Sharp-shinned and Cooper's Hawks in western North America. Condor 101:674-678. View File

Smith, J. P. 2000. Fall 1999 raptor migration in the Goshute Mountains, Nevada. Great Basin Birds 3:28-31.

Smith, J. P., and S. W. Hoffman. 1999. Fall 1998 raptor migration in the Goshute Mountains, Nevada. Great Basin Birds 2:42-43.

Hoffman, S. W. 1998. A guide to watching raptors in Arizona. Pages 18-20 in R. L. Glinski, editor. The raptors of Arizona. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Smith, J. P., and S. W. Hoffman. 1998. Fall 1997 raptor migration in the Goshute Mountains, Nevada. Great Basin Birds 1:11.

Eakle, W. L., E. L. Smith, S. W. Hoffman, D. W. Stahlecker, and R. B. Duncan. 1996. Results of a raptor survey in southwestern New Mexico. Journal of Raptor Research 30:183-188.

Omland, K. S., and S. W. Hoffman. 1996. Seasonal, diel, and spatial dispersion patterns of Golden Eagle autumn migration in southwestern Montana. Condor 98:633-636.

Gessaman, J. A. and S. W. Hoffman. 1990. Body temperatures of migrant accipiter hawks just after flight. Wilson Bulletin 102:133-137.

Hoffman, S. W., J. P. Smith, and J. A. Gessaman. 1990. Size of fall-migrant accipiters from the Goshute Mountains of Nevada. Journal of Field Ornithology 61: 201-211.

Smith, J. P., S. W. Hoffman, and J. A. Gessaman. 1990. Regional size differences among fall-migrant accipiters in North America. Journal of Field Ornithology 61: 192-200.

1990-Past

Bednarz, J. C. and S. W. Hoffman. 1988. Status of breeding Swainson's hawks in southeastern New Mexico. Pages 253-259 in R. L. Glinski, B. G. Pendleton, M. B. Moss, M. N. LeFranc Jr., B. A. Millsap, and S. W. Hoffman, editors. Proceedings of the Southwest Raptor Management Symposium and Workshop, 21-24 May 1986, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson. National Wildlife Federation Scientific and Technical Series No.11. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C.

Glinski, R. L., B. G. Pendleton, M. B. Moss, M. N. LeFranc Jr., B. A. Millsap, and S. W. Hoffman. 1988. Proceedings of the Southwest Raptor Management Symposium and Workshop, 21-24 May 1986, University of Arizona, Tucson. National Wildlife Federation Scientific and Technical Series No.11. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C.

Smith, J. P. 1987. Field identification of North American accipiters. Utah Birds 3: 37-55.

Gessaman, J. A., J. A. Johnson, and S. W. Hoffman. 1986. Hematocrits and erythrocyte numbers for Cooper's and Sharp-shinned Hawks. Condor 88:95-96.

Hoffman, S. W. 1985. Autumn Cooper's Hawk migration through northern Utah and northeastern Nevada, 1977-1982. Pages 149-165 in M. Harwood, editor. Proceedings of Hawk Migration Conference IV, Rochester, NY, 24-27 March 1983. Hawk Migration Association of North America. View File

Hoffman, S. W. 1985. Raptor movements in inland western North America: a synthesis. Pages 325-338 in M. Harwood, editor. Proceedings of Hawk Migration Conference IV, Rochester, NY, 24-27 March 1983. Hawk Migration Association of North America. View File

Hoffman, S. W. and W. K. Potts. 1985. Fall migration of Golden Eagles in the Wellsville Mountains, northern Utah, 1976-1979. Pages 207-218 in M. Harwood, editor. Proceedings of Hawk Migration Conference IV, Rochester, NY, 24-27 March 1983. Hawk Migration Association of North America. View File

Hoffman, S. W. 1980. Western hawkwatching. Newsletter of the Hawk Migration Association of North America 6(1):1-4.